Acceptance And commitment therapy (Act)
ACT is based in a contextual theory of language and cognition known as relational frame theory and makes use of a number of therapeutic strategies, many of which are borrowed from other approaches. ACT helps individuals increase their acceptance of the full range of subjective experiences, including distressing thoughts, beliefs, sensations, and feelings, in an effort to promote desired behaviour change that will lead to improved quality of life. A key principle is that attempts to control unwanted subjective experiences (e.g., anxiety) are often only ineffective but even counterproductive, in that they can result in a net increase in distress, result in significant psychological costs, or both. Consequently, individuals are encouraged to contact their experiences fully and without defence while moving toward valued goals. ACT also helps individuals indentify their values and translate them into specific behavioral goals.
ACT has good evidence to be effective for Chronic pain.
Our therapists at LifeWorks are able to carry out suitability assessment for Act therapy. Please contact our staff for more details.
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Psychological services for children and adolescents
Children and adolescents may need help with a wide range of issues at different points in their lives. Parents may also need help and advice to deal with behavioural or other problems their child is experiencing.
Mental health problems in young people can lead to tragic consequences, including suicide, substance abuse, inability to live independently, involvement with the correctional system, failure to complete high school, lack of vocational success, and health problems.
We offer mental health services and support for children and young people who have difficulties with their emotional or behavioral wellbeing. We adapt a comprehensive mental health care approach for children and adolescents where appropriate treatments are used.
Psychological services for children and adolescents
This information to go on various Tabs
Depression refers to a group of symptoms and behaviors clustered around three core alterations in experience: changes in mood, in thinking and in activity, sufficient to cause impairment in personal and/or social functioning. Mood changes typically include sadness and/or irritability accompanied by a loss of pleasure, even in cherished interests.
In Children and adolescents the presenting features may be behavioral consequences of their internal mental state. Self-harm, disinterest in general appearance, withdrawal and loss of interest may all reflect an emerging or current depressive disorder. This is increasingly likely if these behavioral features cluster together in time.
Other more non-specific behaviors that should evoke concern for an abnormality in mental state include promiscuity, sudden unexplained and persistent levels of irritability and aggression and deterioration in schoolwork for no apparent reason. The latter set of behavioral changes is not indicative of a depressive disorder but should encourage those working with children to consider this possibility.
There is evidence for cognitive behaviour therapy and family therapy in the treatment of depression in adolescents and children. LifeWorks Holistic Counselling centers offers CBT for children and adolescents going through depression.
Anxiety is useful in certain situations, some of the time. But, children who suffer from an anxiety disorder experience fear, nervousness, shyness, and avoidance of places and activities that persist despite the helpful efforts of parents, caretakers, and teachers. Children who experience a specific list of anxious symptoms, more frequently and intensely than peers, are more likely to also experience significant disruption in their lives. This disruption can interrupt or even stop him or her from participating in a variety of typical childhood experiences such as: attending school, joining social, athletic or recreational clubs, meeting age expected demands such as sleeping through the night, doing homework, and making friends.
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
Children and teens with this disorder worry excessively and uncontrollably about daily life events. Their worries include fear of bad things happening in the future such as global warming or parents divorcing, being on time or making mistakes, a loved one becoming ill or dying, personal health, academic performance, world events, and natural disasters.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD)
Children and teens with this disorder have obsessions, or unwanted thoughts, images, or urges that make them anxious or uncomfortable, and/or they engage in compulsions (repetitive physical or mental behaviors) in an attempt to reduce their anxiety or discomfort. Some compulsions may include repeated hand washing, checking, tapping, or mental routines (such as counting backwards from 100 and selecting “good” images to think about). An example of an obsession is “I might get sick and die from touching a bathroom door,” followed by the compulsion of washing hands for 5 minutes to reduce the anxiety and perceived likelihood of becoming sick.
Phobias are characterized by persistent, excessive and unreasonable fears of an object or situation, which significantly interferes with life, and the child or teen is unable to control his/her fear. Some common phobias for children and teens include fear of dogs and insects, swimming, heights, loud noises, and injections (needles).
Children and teens have an intense fear of social and/or performance situations because they worry about doing something embarrassing or being negatively judged by others. They may avoid social activities such as going to parties, performing in recitals, speaking to peersor adults, or even going to school.
Treatment of Anxiety Disorders:
At LifeWorks Holistic Counselling center we offer talking therapies such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) to address your needs and the type of anxiety you present with. We can help children going through these conditions.
CBT can help you understand and deal with the causes of your anxiety and our therapists are trained to help you find strategies to cope.
Although CBT is the first line of treatment, occasionally CBT does not work on its own. We have a psychiatrist who is available to discuss medication to help if your anxiety problem has not got much better. A type of antidepressant known as an SSRI is most commonly used.
Children and teens could have PTSD if they have lived through an event that could have caused them or someone else to be killed or badly hurt. Such events include sexual or physical abuse or other violent crimes. Disasters such as floods, school shootings, car crashes, or fires might also cause PTSD. Other events that can cause PTSD are war, a friend’s suicide, or seeing violence in the area they live.
Unfortunately many sufferers do not seek treatment, but PTSD rarely resolves itself without professional help. The longer a person suffers from PTSD the harder treatment becomes, so we encourage any sufferers or guardians of sufferers to seek treatment as soon as possible. It is also more difficult to treat complex PTSD resulting from multiple and sustained trauma or abuse than it is to treat PTSD caused by a single trauma.
The psychological treatments that are likely to be offered are Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) or Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
As a child grows and develops, he learns different skills. These skills are known as developmental milestones. There is normal variation around what age children will achieve a specific developmental milestone. Developmental delay refers to a child who is not achieving milestones within the age range of that normal variability. Most often, at least initially, it is difficult or impossible to determine whether the delay is a marker of a long-term issue with development or learning or whether the child will ‘catch-up’ and be ‘typical’ in their development and learning.
It is important to identify developmental delays early so that treatment can minimize the effects of the problem. Children with delayed development manifest heightened behavior problems and thus appropriate therapies to address these issues play an important role in over all progress.
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD)
Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by social-interaction difficulties, communication challenges and a tendency to engage in repetitive behaviors. However, symptoms and their severity vary widely across these three core areas. Taken together, they may result in relatively mild challenges for someone on the high functioning end of the autism spectrum. For others, symptoms may be more severe, as when repetitive behaviors and lack of spoken language interfere with everyday life.
Each child or adult with ASD is unique. Treatments and supports that work for one may not work for another. As a result, each person’s treatment plan should follow a thorough evaluation of strengths as well as challenges.Behavioral therapies are the foundation of treatment for most children on the autism spectrum. When behavioral therapies are not enough to curb harmful behaviors, the family may want to discuss other options, such as adding medication, with their child’s doctor.
At LifeWorks Holistic counselling center we provide assessment and therapeutic services for children with development delays. Please discuss with our staff for more details.
We carry out the following assessment s for kids with development delays to help you guide through the process and also for School report making purposes.
- Intake assessment ( usually an interview with Parents )
- School observation sessions
- Observation of Child in a therapy setting ( at LWHCC)
- Different categories of assessments i.e Psychoeducational assessment , Psychoeducational and IQ assessments Psycho diagnostic assessments
- Parent feedback and preparation of School reports
- Feed back to School staff, Teachers, Learning support assistants to support formulate therapy goals.
Please note that a Child may require one or the other assessment s depending on the need and indication.
Our therapists are able to use a range of rating scales and Psychometric -computer based as part of various assessments shown above.
Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a neurobehavioral disorder characterized by a combination of inattentiveness, distractibility, hyperactivity, and impulsive behavior. Symptoms include difficulties with attention to tasks, being forgetful in daily activities, difficulties in organizing, and following through. Hyperactivity symptoms can include being fidgety, restless, talking or interrupting others excessively and being impulsive.
ADHD is generally identified early in life and manifests through behavioral problems in school, or difficulty understanding, completing tasks or being easily distracted by others. It is estimated that unto 5 percent of school-age children are diagnosed with ADHD; with boys receiving the diagnosis more often than girls. Females are more likely to present with inattentive features. Untreated ADHD has been shown to have long-term adverse affects on academic performance, vocational success, relationships with others, and social-emotional development.
ADHD is successfully treated with both therapy and medications. Therapy provides skills to help the person more easily direct themselves to tasks and assignments as well as become more knowledgeable about their behavior to regulate it better.
Our therapists at LifeWorks Holistic Counseling will carry out a holistic assessment of your child/adolescents needs to guide you through the therapy.
Please discuss with our staff for more details.