Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a condition that is marked by constant inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity, which interfere with daily functioning.
Inattention, persistent wandering off tasks, unable to focus on a task, and disorganization
Hyperactivity, constantly moving around, excessively fidgets, talks, or taps
Impulsivity, inability to delay gratification; hasty, unthought-of actions that might put an individual in danger
The key signs of ADHD are inattention and hyperactivity that are severe, frequent, and interfere with daily functioning in school and/or work. Usually the signs appear before the age of 6 years of age.
- Easily distracted and forgetfulness
- Switch too quickly from one activity to the next
- Have trouble with directions
- Too much daydreaming
- Trouble finishing tasks
- Losing toys, books, and school supplies often
- Fidget and squirm a lot
- Talk nonstop and interrupt people
- Run around a lot
- Touch and play with everything they see
- Blurt out inappropriate comments
- Have trouble controlling their emotions.
There is no specific cause of ADHD, yet researchers linked some factors with the development of ADHD
- Genes; ADHD runs in families
- Smoking or drinking alcohol during pregnancy
- Complications during birth
- Low birth weight
- Exposure to toxic substances, including lead
- Extreme neglect, social deprivation, or abuse
- Food additives/ coloring can make ADHD worse
There is no cure for ADHD, yet treatment aims at controlling the symptoms and improving quality of life.
- Medications, mainly stimulants, aiming at helping children focus, learn, and stay calm. The side effects of these medications are stomachaches, appetite disturbances, and sleeping problems.
Another category of medications is non-stimulants, which take longer time than stimulants to show effectiveness, and they are usually prescribed in cases when stimulants do not help.
Please do not hesitate to contact the mental health team at LWHCC for detailed description of those medications.
- Behavioral therapy, which help the child monitor and control their behaviors, and praise their good behavior, such as controlling anger
- Family therapy, which aims at helping parents/ spouses handle the disruptive behaviors effectively
Which treatment modality is better for me?
At LWHCC, we will provide you with free triage service with a professional mental health nurse who will carry on a brief mental health assessment, either over the phone or during a face-to-face interview, and guide you to the appropriate service based on your mental health status and individual needs.
- Keep a routine for every activity, for example keep a chart on the fridge. This routine includes wake up and sleep times, indoor activity, outdoor activity, homework, etc.…
- Keep everything organized, clothes, books, toys
- Use homework organizers and stress to your child the importance of documenting assignments and bringing home the necessary books
- Set clear and consistent rules
- Praise good behaviors and following rules